Hablamos Español
Contact Us 24/7 602.483.6114
Handling Personal Injury Matters with a 99% Success Rate!

What Are the Causes of Brachial Plexus Injury?

What Is the Brachial Plexus?

A fancy way to talk about the nerves that run from your spinal cord to your hand, the brachial plexus is vital to moving and sensing things with your arm. Each nerve controls a different part of the arm, and injuries vary based on what nerve(s) are hit and where.

How Can I Tell if I’ve Been Injured?

If your brachial plexus is injured, you may notice the following symptoms:

  • Numbness in the injured arm, hand, or fingers
  • Nerve pain (sensation of burning or sustaining an electric shock)
  • Weakness in the arm or hand
  • Neck pain
  • Restricted range of shoulder or elbow motion
  • Inability to move your arm, wrist, or hand

Motorcycle or Car Accidents Can Cause Serious Injury

The faster you’re going when you crash, the higher the forces your body must deal with. This is the exact kind of situation that can result in a nerve being stretched or torn. When the head and neck are stretched in different directions the brachial plexus becomes strained. Evidence shows that this type of injury is more likely to happen in a motorcycle accident because of the way most riders fall off their bikes.

Falls, Stretches, or Strains

A brachial plexus injury can occur any time your arm is forcibly stretched or pulled out of position. This can include pedestrian accidents or slip & falls. If you fall in a way that pulls your arm and shoulder too far away from either your chest or your neck, injury can result. The force involved here may be less than in car or motorcycle accidents, but one sharp tug is all it takes to cause nerve damage.

During Your Child’s Birth

If a doctor uses too much force when delivering your child, the pressure exerted on the baby’s arms or head may cause brachial plexus injuries. This most commonly occurs when a baby is too large or gets stuck on the pelvic bone during birth. Injuries to newborns are especially dangerous because the parents may not even know what has happened until it is too late for corrective surgery. These children are also at increased risk of other ailments as they mature, including arthritis and carpal tunnel.

Classifications of Brachial Plexus Injuries

While severe injuries may cause a permanent loss of feeling and function in your arm, different types of injuries have different consequences and treatments. There are five types of brachial plexus injuries:

  • Avulsion: The most severe injury occurs when the base of one of the nerves is separated from the spinal cord
  • Neurapraxia: When the nerves are merely stretched, and the mildest form of injury
  • Rupture: A tear in one or more of the nerves
  • Neuroma: The formation of scar tissue on a stretched nerve that heals on its own
  • Brachial Neuritis: Also known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome, no cause has been identified for this disability

Needless to say, the more severe the injury, the more treatment you will need. Settlements also account for your pain and suffering to provide recompense for continuing effects.

Brachial Plexus Injuries Can Have Lasting Effects

The good news is that most brachial plexus injuries will heal with proper treatment if you do not delay going to your doctor. You may need long-term care, including physical therapy or even surgery—which can get expensive quickly. If you’ve been injured in a car accident, fall, or other incidents, make sure you are compensated for your medical bills and any other expenses you incur as a result. At Alex & Associates, we fight hard to help our clients recover damages after an accident results in lasting injury.

Join thousands of happy clients by contacting us online or calling (602) 483-6114 today.